Montana law allows people to carry concealed weapons if he or she has a valid Montana or out-of-state permit to do so.
No weapons, concealed or otherwise, are allowed in school buildings in Montana.
Even with a concealed weapons permit, you may not carry a concealed weapon in the following places:
In addition, be sure to check local regulations, which may restrict carrying concealed weapons at public meetings, and in public parks and buildings.
County sheriffs can provide information on where concealed weapons are prohibited in their counties.
Montana has no prohibitions against carrying a weapon in a motor vehicle.
To obtain a Montana concealed weapons permit, a person must:
Applications are available from the local county sheriff’s office. This site provides a sample application so people can review what is required and gather the necessary documentation prior to going to their sheriff’s office. The form is clearly marked as a “sample only” and cannot be used in place of the application provided by the local sheriff’s office.
Montana residents who want to know if their permits are valid in another state must check with the specific state in which they want to carry a weapon.
Montana recognizes concealed weapons permits from some other states. Non-residents must meet the following criteria to carry a concealed weapon in Montana:
The Attorney General’s Office has determined that concealed weapons permits from the following states are recognized under Montana law:
People who hold permits from the following states may not carry concealed weapons in Montana because their state laws do not expressly require background checks of permit applicants:
District of Columbia
Vermont does not issue concealed weapons permits.
Federal legislation signed in July 2004 exempts current and retired law enforcement officers from Montana’s concealed weapon statute. Any qualified law enforcement officer with proper identification can carry a concealed weapon, overruling state concealed weapons laws to the contrary.
Under the federal law, a qualified law enforcement officer is defined as a current employee of a governmental agency who is authorized by law to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of, or the incarceration of any person for, any violation of law, and who has the statutory powers of arrest. In addition, the law enforcement officer must:
In Montana, an officer’s P.O.S.T. certification fulfills the requirements of this act.
The federal legislation defines a qualified retired law enforcement officer as anyone who retired from service with a public agency as a law enforcement officer as defined above and did so in good standing. In addition, the individual must:
However, because the federal legislation contained no funding to create state or local programs to qualify retired law enforcement officers to carry a concealed weapon under this provision, there are few agencies that offer such programs. While some smaller local agencies may qualify their retirees, such programs are not generally available in Montana and few retired officers here are therefore able to carry concealed weapons under this federal legislation.
While a retired law enforcement officer may have a Montana concealed weapons permit, having that Montana permit does not meet the firearms qualifications required by the federal act and does not allow retired officers to operate under its provisions, either in Montana or when they travel out of state.