Current job openings may be found on the Montana state website at https://statecareers.mt.gov.
Forensic science is the application of science to law, which has led to many forensic disciplines that incorporate various examinations and/or analyses that may assist in a criminal investigation.
Some of these disciplines work in a laboratory, while others may be more academic or assist with crime scene investigations. Most jobs are in a government agency (federal, state, county, or municipal). Crime scene investigations may be part of a laboratory system or law enforcement agency. Population and the needs of a state determine the type of forensic specialties offered by a forensic laboratory. The medical examiner’s office may be part of the laboratory system or stand alone. Common disciplines include:
|Anthropology||Entomology||Pathology (medical examiner)|
|Autopsy Assistant||Facial Reconstruction||Psychiatry / Psychology|
|Biology (serology / DNA)||Firearms||Question Documents|
|Bloodstain Pattern Analysis||Geology||Taphonomy|
|Chemistry||Impressions (footwear / tire)||Toxicology|
|Computer / Digital||Latent Prints||Trace Evidence|
|Crime Scene Investigation||Nurse||Wildlife|
Science courses with laboratory component are very valuable for most forensic disciplines that fulfill a bachelor’s degree in natural, physical, chemical, or biological science. For deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis, the following courses are required: biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and statistics. For chemistry (seized drugs analysis) and toxicology, 18-20 credits in chemistry are typically needed.
Medical examiner positions require a medical degree and residency/fellowship in forensic pathology.
Check out the employment opportunities for qualifications (education, knowledge, skills, and abilities) to assist in identifying a forensic science discipline that may interest you. Some of these organizations have student enrollment opportunities, scholarships, and a great way for networking:
American Academy of Forensic Science: www.aafs.org
Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Scientists: www.maafs.org
Southwestern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.swafs.us
Northwest Association of Forensic Scientists: www.nawfs.org
Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.neafs.org
Southern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.southernforensic.org
Midwestern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.mafs.net
California Association of Criminalists: https://www.cacnews.org/
International Association for Identification: https://www.theiai.org/
The Association of Firearms and Tool Mark Examiners: https://afte.org/
Society of Forensic Toxicologists Inc.: https://www.soft-tox.org/