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Current job openings may be found on the Montana state website at https://statecareers.mt.gov.


Forensic Disciplines

Forensic science is the application of science to law, which has led to many forensic disciplines that incorporate various examinations and/or analyses that may assist in a criminal investigation.

Some of these disciplines work in a laboratory, while others may be more academic or assist with crime scene investigations.  Most jobs are in a government agency (federal, state, county, or municipal).  Crime scene investigations may be part of a laboratory system or law enforcement agency.  Population and the needs of a state determine the type of forensic specialties offered by a forensic laboratory.  The medical examiner’s office may be part of the laboratory system or stand alone.  Common disciplines include:


Accounting Engineering Odontology
Anthropology Entomology Pathology (medical examiner)
Autopsy Assistant Facial Reconstruction Psychiatry / Psychology
Biology (serology / DNA) Firearms Question Documents
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Geology Taphonomy
Chemistry Impressions (footwear / tire) Toxicology
Computer / Digital Latent Prints Trace Evidence
Crime Scene Investigation Nurse Wildlife


Education Recommendations

Science courses with laboratory component are very valuable for most forensic disciplines that fulfill a bachelor’s degree in natural, physical, chemical, or biological science.  For deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis, the following courses are required:  biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and statistics.  For chemistry (seized drugs analysis) and toxicology, 18-20 credits in chemistry are typically needed.

Medical examiner positions require a medical degree and residency/fellowship in forensic pathology.


Helpful Websites

Check out the employment opportunities for qualifications (education, knowledge, skills, and abilities) to assist in identifying a forensic science discipline that may interest you. Some of these organizations have student enrollment opportunities, scholarships, and a great way for networking:


American Academy of Forensic Science: www.aafs.org

Mid-Atlantic Association of Forensic Scientists: www.maafs.org

Southwestern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.swafs.us

Northwest Association of Forensic Scientists: www.nawfs.org

Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.neafs.org

Southern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.southernforensic.org

Midwestern Association of Forensic Scientists: www.mafs.net

California Association of Criminalists:  https://www.cacnews.org/

International Association for Identification:  https://www.theiai.org/

The Association of Firearms and Tool Mark Examiners:  https://afte.org/

Society of Forensic Toxicologists Inc.:  https://www.soft-tox.org/

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